The Dicke model provides a simple fully quantum mechanical description of the interaction between light confined in a cavity and matter. It predicts a phase transition between a state where the cavity is empty and a superradiant phase where the cavity mode is macroscopically occupied. However, experimental realisations of this model are all in non-equilibrium situations where driving and dissipation are important. We have been involved in developing techniques to understand the fate of this phase transition in the presence of various non-equilibrium effects.
Recent publications about the Dicke model are below: